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Magnesium and Gout: Managing Painful Symptoms

Magnesium and Gout: Managing Painful Symptoms

Gout is a really painful type of arthritis that often hits the big toe first. The attacks can come on suddenly with intense pain, redness, tenderness and swelling in the joints. This is because when there's too much uric acid in the blood, it forms sharp little crystal deposits in and around the joints. Normally the uric acid dissolves in the blood fine and passes through the kidneys, but when it's too saturated, bam - it starts crystallizing. That triggers an inflammatory response where the immune system goes after the crystals with a vengeance, which is probably why gout attacks hurt so damn bad.

The goal of treatment is to get your uric acid levels under control so less crystals form and manage pain during flare ups. Your doc may recommend diet changes to lower uric acid production, meds to either reduce how much you make or help your kidneys flush it out better, and anti-inflammatory drugs can help take the edge off joint soreness when a bad attack hits. It's all about preventing more crystal build up long term so your joints don't continue taking a beating.

Understanding Gout and Its Causes

Gout is primarily caused by an increase in uric acid concentration in the blood, a condition known as hyperuricemia. Uric acid is a waste product formed from the breakdown of purines, substances found naturally in your body as well as in certain foods. Normally, uric acid dissolves in the blood, passes through the kidneys, and is excreted in urine. However, if the body increases uric acid production or the kidneys excrete too little uric acid, it can build up and form sharp, needle-like urate crystals in a joint or surrounding tissue, causing pain and inflammatory symptoms.

Risk Factors for Gout

Several factors can increase the risk of developing gout:


Eating a diet rich in meat, seafood, and beverages sweetened with fruit sugar (fructose) can increase levels of uric acid, which increases the risk of gout.


Being overweight increases the risk of gout since there is more tissue available for turnover or breakdown, which can lead to increased uric acid production.

Medical conditions

Certain diseases and conditions, including high blood pressure and chronic conditions such as diabetes, metabolic syndrome, and heart and kidney diseases, can increase the risk of gout.

Certain medications

The use of thiazide diuretics (commonly used to treat hypertension) and low-dose aspirin can increase uric acid levels.

Family history of gout

If other members of your family have had gout, you’re more likely to develop the disease.

Age and sex

Gout occurs more often in men, primarily because women tend to have lower uric acid levels. After menopause, however, women's uric acid levels approach those of men. Men are also more likely to develop gout earlier — usually between the ages of 30 and 50 — whereas women generally develop signs and symptoms after menopause.

The Role of Magnesium in Managing Gout

Magnesium is a vital mineral that plays a role in over 300 enzyme systems that regulate diverse biochemical reactions in the body, including protein synthesis, muscle and nerve function, blood glucose control, and blood pressure regulation. Research suggests that magnesium could also be beneficial for patients suffering from gout, though the extent and mechanism of its benefits need more clinical confirmation.

How Magnesium Can Help

Reducing Uric Acid Formation

Studies suggest that magnesium can help reduce the concentration of uric acid in the blood, potentially by improving its excretion through the kidneys. This mineral acts as a natural calcium channel blocker, which improves kidney function and increases the excretion rate of uric acid.

Anti-inflammatory Properties

Magnesium has well-documented anti-inflammatory properties. It may help reduce the inflammation associated with gout attacks and thereby decrease the severity of the symptoms.

Pain Relief

Magnesium is known to aid in nerve function and can help manage the pain associated with gout attacks. It acts as a natural NMDA receptor antagonist, which can help modulate pain transmission in the nervous system.

Dietary Sources of Magnesium

Incorporating magnesium-rich foods into the diet is one way to ensure adequate intake of this important mineral. Some good sources of magnesium include:

  • Green leafy vegetables (e.g., spinach, kale)
  • Nuts and seeds (e.g., almonds, cashews, pumpkin seeds)
  • Legumes (e.g., black beans, chickpeas)
  • Whole grains (e.g., brown rice, whole wheat)
  • Fish** (e.g., mackerel, wild salmon)

Supplements and Additional Treatments

While diet is important for managing gout, sometimes it is not sufficient to solely rely on dietary sources of nutrients. This is where supplements can play a role. Magnesium supplements are widely available and can be a useful addition to manage magnesium deficiency.

Epsom Salt: An Effective Supplement for Magnesium Deficiency

Epsom salt, a compound made up of magnesium, sulfate, and water, is another valuable resource for those suffering from gout. When Epsom salt is dissolved in warm water, it releases magnesium and sulfate ions, which can be absorbed through the skin. Soaking in an Epsom salt bath can provide the body with these nutrients, which may help reduce inflammation, draw out toxins, and lessen the pain caused by gout.

epsolution™ Epsom Salt

epsolution™ is a brand known for its high-quality Epsom salt products. Their Epsom salt can be particularly beneficial for those with gout, as soaking the affected joint in an epsolution™ Epsom salt bath can help to reduce symptoms of pain and inflammation. It's a simple, relaxing, and effective way to potentially boost your magnesium levels and alleviate gout symptoms.

Managing gout involves understanding the disease and its triggers, making dietary adjustments, and possibly incorporating supplements like magnesium. While more research is needed to fully understand the impact of magnesium on gout, preliminary studies and anecdotal evidence suggest it could play a beneficial role in managing symptoms. Epsom salt baths, especially products like epsolution™, offer a practical method of supplementing magnesium and can be part of a comprehensive approach to managing this painful condition.

Try epsolution™ today!


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